Swyambhunath temple, also known as the Monkey Temple, is a Buddhist temple located in Kathmandu, Nepal. It is one of the holiest Buddhist sites in Nepal and has been a major pilgrimage site for Buddhists for centuries. The temple is situated on a hilltop overlooking the Kathmandu Valley, and is a popular destination for tourists. The temple is believed to have been built around 450 AD, and is home to a number of shrines, statues, and stupas. The main stupa is a large, white dome that stands at the top of the hill. It is surrounded by four smaller stupas, which are believed to represent the four elements of nature: earth, water, fire and air. The temple is also home to a large number of monkeys, which are believed to be the guardians of the temple. The main temple complex consists of a large, three-tiered pagoda, a number of shrines, and a courtyard filled with prayer flags, bells and statues. Inside the main temple is a large statue of the Buddha, which is said to be over 2500 years old. The temple is also home to a number of other statues and paintings, as well as a large number of prayer wheels. The temple is an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists from all over the world, and it is believed that anyone who visits the temple will be granted enlightenment. There are also a number of festivals and events held at the temple throughout the year, including the annual Buddha Jayanti festival. The temple is also home to a large number of pilgrims from both Nepal and India. The area is also a popular destination for tourists, who come to experience the religious atmosphere and take in the stunning views of the Kathmandu Valley. Swyambhunath temple is a must-see destination for anyone visiting Nepal. The temple is a beautiful and sacred place, and is an important part of Nepal's culture and history.
While visiting Swayambhunath, there are many sights to take in. One of the most notable is the large stupa, or chaitya, which is the centerpiece of the complex. This stupa is said to contain the remains of the ancient sage Kashyapa, and is adorned with the eyes of Buddha, which symbolize knowledge and insight. In addition, visitors can explore the many shrines and statues that are spread throughout the complex. These include statues of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, as well as depictions of various deities, such as Manjushri, Tara, and Padmasambhava. Other interesting sights include the many prayer wheels and flags that adorn the complex. The prayer wheels are said to bring good luck, while the flags are said to bring peace to the area. Finally, visitors can explore the many caves and tunnels that are located on the hill. These were used by monks and nuns in the past, and provide a unique insight into the history of the site.